Concepts of integration & inclusion


Integration and inclusion are two terms which are frequently used. It is highly important to distinguish the two terms both in social and educational context. This lesson scenario will mainly focus on the presentation of the two terms and the identification of the differences. Through this session we will focus on the factors that affect the process of integration/ inclusion and the challenges that migrants are facing. The last part of the session will focus on the migrants’ stories in order to conlcude with a discussion about the policies the host countries have towards the newcomers.

Preparation time

Preparation time is estimated to 4-6 hours, which consist of studying the terminology of the lesson and various examples in order to enrich the terminology with specific information.

Teaching time

45 minutes

Learning Outcomes

After completing this unit, participants will be able to:

  • Use the terms according to the needs of the speaker,
  • Understand the challenges and integrational models,
  • Explore their national realities within the concept,
  • Learn about the EU strategies and policies.

Lesson Plan for F2F Teaching and Learning

45 minutes
Activity description

In this session the focus is the integration and inclusion. The session starts with a brainstorming about the two working terms and the trainer opens the discussion to the group. What is integration? What is inclusion? What are the differences of the two terms? These are few of the questions that can start the discussion.
In a secondary phase, after the brainstorming the trainer will share the basic terminologies of integration and inclusion with the group.
The second part of the activity will focus on the experiential learning. The trainer divides the group in smaller teams of 4 people and hands out one “story of migrant” in each table. Each group has to firstly read and afterwards discuss about the key points of the story. What is the motivation? Who supported the person’s motivation before, during and after the journey to Europe? Which challenges did they face? Are there institutions to support their integration/ inclusion in the host society?

Finally, after the group’s discussion each team present in from of the group the main outcomes of the discussion. What policies the host countries have in these stories? How do these people feel? Are they integrated or included in the host society?
A discussion follows where all participants are invited to contribute with ideas and comments.

Training methods
  • Non formal;
  • Discussion.
Materials / Equipment
  • PowerPoint
  • Texts for the “stories of migrants”