Exploring integration and inclusion in education for migrants and refugees


In this lesson scenario we will focus on the different integration methodologies that are followed in the education of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. The participants will have the opportunity to explore the different inclusion models and discuss about the role of education in the society. The session will focus on the ideas of inclusion from the participants.

Preparation time

Preparation time is estimated to 4 hours, which consist of studying the terminology of the lesson and various examples.

Teaching time

45 minutes

Learning Outcomes

After completing this unit, participants will have/be able to:

  • Define the education types in relation to inclusion,
  • Have a clear idea of the difference between integration and inclusion in education,
  • Identify the barriers students with different backgrounds face and discuss option of further inclusion.

Lesson Plan for F2F Teaching and Learning

45 minutes
Activity description

In this session the trainer starts the session by presenting the integration and inclusion model in education. The session starts with open questions to the participants in order to introduce them to the topic.” What do we mean by inclusion and what by integration?”, “Are these interchangeable or do they differ from one another?”, “What do you think is the role of education in a society?”, “How do you think migrants/ refugees can be included in the local society/ educational system?”, “Which educational type do you think is the best for the inclusion of the migrants/ refugees?”

After this open discussion and brainstorming of ideas and arguments, participants will be given the different educational types for migrants/ refugees (separate site model, direct immersion model, separate class model) and discussion will follow.

The last part of the session is the “language barriers activity”. More information are provided by the Compass handbook of the Council of Europe https://www.coe.int/en/web/compass/language-barrier

Training methods
  • Non formal;
  • Discussion;
  • Group work
Materials / Equipment
  • PowerPoint
  • Copies of the educational models